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Leather crafting - Wikipedia

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move to sidebar hide (Top) 1 Techniques Toggle Techniques subsection 1.1 Dyeing 1.2 Painting 1.3 Carving 1.4 Stamping and embossing 1.5 Molding/shaping 1.6 Laser cutting/etching 1.7 Perforation 1.8 Pyrography 2 References Toggle the table of contents

Leather crafting

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( February 2009 ) ( Learn how and when to remove this template message ) Modern leather-working tools

Leather crafting or simply leathercraft is the practice of making leather into craft objects or works of art, using shaping techniques, coloring techniques or both.

Techniques [ edit ]

Dyeing [ edit ]

A dyed leather carving

The application of pigments carried by solvents or water into the pores of the leather. Can be applied to tooled or untooled leather, either for even coloration or to highlight certain areas. For example, application to a tooled piece can result in pooling in the background areas giving contrasts and depth.

There are oil, alcohol, and water based leather dyes available. Although the water-based alternatives tend to not work as well due to poor penetration.

Painting [ edit ]

Leather painting differs from leather dyeing in that paint remains only on the surface while dyes are absorbed into the leather. Due to this difference, leather painting techniques are generally not used on items that can or must bend nor on items that receive friction, such as belts and wallets because under these conditions, the paint may crack or wear off. However, latex paints can be used to paint such flexible leather items. In the main though, a flat piece of leather, backed with a stiff board is ideal and common, though three-dimensional forms are possible so long as the painted surface remains secured.

Acrylic paint is a common medium, often painted on tooled leather pictures, backed with wood or cardboard, and then framed. Unlike photographs, leather paintings are displayed without a glass cover, to prevent mould .

Carving [ edit ]

Main article: Leather carving

Leather carving, or "tooling", entails using metal implements to compress moistened leather in such a way as to give a three-dimensional effect. The surface of the leather is not intended to be cut through, as would be done in filigree .

The main tools used to carve leather include: swivel knife , veiner , beveler , pear shader , seeder , various sculpting implements, and background tools. The swivel knife is held with one finger providing downward pressure upon a stirrup-like top and drawn along the leather to outline patterns. The other tools are punch -type implements struck with a wooden, nylon, metal or rawhide mallet . The object is to add further definition, texture and depth to the cut lines made by the swivel knife and the areas around the cut lines.

In the United States and Mexico, the western floral style, known as "Sheridan Style", of carving leather predominates. Usually, these are stylized pictures of acanthus or roses although, increasingly, modern leather artists are redefining and expanding the potential of the materials. By far the most preeminent carver in the United States was Al Stohlman . His patterns and methods have been embraced by many hobbyists, scout troops, reenacters, and craftspeople.

Stamping and embossing [ edit ]

Examples of geometric stamping on leather.

Leather stamping involves the use of shaped implements (stamps) to create an imprint onto a leather surface. This is a form of artistic expression and many in leather crafting world consider it an artform. The stamping is generally performed by using specially designed leather stamps that are struck with a mallet .

Commercial stamps are available in various designs, typically geometric or representative of animals. Most stamping is performed on vegetable tanned leather that has been cased. This is the action of dampening the leather with water so that it soaks into the surface fibres. The water makes the leather softer and able to be compressed by the design being pressed or stamped into it. After the leather has been stamped, the design stays on the leather as it dries out, but it can fade if the leather becomes wet and is flexed. To make the impressions last longer, the leather is conditioned with oils and fats to make it waterproof and prevent the fibers from deforming.

In embossing, a handheld tool or custom metal die is used to elevate portions of dampened leather. A die consists of two parts that function as a stamp. The leather is shaped by the combination of pressure and heat when pressed between the die’s parts and then heated. [1] [2]

Molding/shaping [ edit ]

Leather shaping or molding consists of soaking a piece of leather in water to greatly increase pliability and then shaping it by hand or with the use of objects or even molds as forms. As the leather dries it stiffens and holds its shape. Carving and stamping may be done prior to or after molding. Molding has become popular among hobbyists whose crafts are related to fantasy, goth/steampunk culture and cosplay as well as those interested in more classic styling of bags and household items.

Two well known pieces of molded leather are part of the funerary achievements of Edward, the Black Prince , the heraldic crest and shield. [3]

Laser cutting/etching [ edit ]

Carbon dioxide lasers cut through leather very smoothly, and at low power a laser cutter can etch detailed designs into leather to any desired depth although some discoloration and stiffening occurs in vegetable tanned tooling leather.

Perforation [ edit ]

Perforation – the result of punching with a pricking iron or chisel that is provided for the manufacture of a large number of regularly arranged holes of regular shape in the sheet and other material. A decorative technique that is used to connect two sheets of leather or to decorate them.

Pyrography [ edit ]

Pyrography (purogravure) on leather is the art of using a hot needle to make a drawing on leather. Under the influence of heat the leather takes on darker shades which subsequently become a complete picture.

References [ edit ]

^ Mazrui, O.D.O. Art & Design Forms 1 and 2 . East African Publishers. p. 105. ISBN 978-9966-46-468-2 . Retrieved September 20, 2023 . ^ Carey, A. (1873). The History of a Book . Cassell, Petter, & Galpin. p. 146 . Retrieved September 20, 2023 . ^ http://myarmoury.com/feature_mow_bp.html Description and photographs of the original and the reproduction from the tomb in Canterbury Cathedral v t e Leather Types Aniline Bicast Boiled Bonded Buckskin Chamois Corinthian Kidskin Law leather Morocco Napa Nubuck Patent Russia Shagreen Shearling Shell cordovan Suede Leather sources Alligator Bison Cattle Calfskin Slunk Crocodile Deer Eel Goat Horse Kangaroo Ostrich Pig Seal Sheep Snake Yak Processes Liming Deliming Bating Tanning Oiling Crafting Bookbinding Cuir de Cordoue Leather carving Substitutes Artificial leather / Leatherette Kirza Naugahyde Presstoff Ultrasuede Alcantara Leather museums German Leather Museum Igualada Leather Museum Walsall Leather Museum Leather Archives and Museum British Museum leather dressing Related History of hide materials Leather subculture Rawhide v t e Decorative arts and handicrafts History Textile Banner-making Canvas work Crocheting Cross-stitch Embroidery Felting Friendship bracelet Knitting Lace-making Lucet Macrame Millinery Needlepoint Needlework Patchwork Quilting Ribbon embroidery Carpet Rug hooking Rug making Sewing Shoemaking Spinning (textiles) String art Tapestry Tatting Tie-dye Weaving Paper Altered book Bookbinding Calligraphy Cardmaking Cast paper Collage Decoupage Papier collé Photomontage Iris folding Jianzhi Kamikiri Origami Kirigami Moneygami Embossing Marbling Papercraft Papercutting Chinese Jewish Slavic Papermaking Paper toys Papier-mâché Pop-up book Quilling Scrapbooking Stamping Wallpaper Wood Bentwood Cabinetry Carpentry Chip carving Ébéniste Fretwork Intarsia Marquetry Wood burning Wood carving Woodturning Ceramic Azulejo Bone china Earthenware Porcelain Pottery Stoneware Terracotta Glass Cameo glass Chip work Enamelled glass Glass etching Glassware Mirror Stained glass Metal Chemical milling Enamel Engraving Etching Jewellery Goldsmith Silversmith Bronze and brass ornamental work Ironwork Other Assemblage Balloon modelling Beadwork Bone carving Doll making Dollhouse Egg decorating Engraved gems Faux painting Grotesque Gargoyle Hardstone carving Inro Lath art Lapidary Leatherworking Miniatures Micromosaic Mosaic Glass mosaic Netsuke Ornament Pargeting Pietra dura Private press Pressed flower craft Qing handicrafts Scrimshaw Straw marquetry Taxidermy Wall decal Authority control databases : National Israel United States Retrieved from " https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leather_crafting&oldid=1190561967 " Categories : Leather crafting Leather Carving Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata Articles needing additional references from February 2009 All articles needing additional references Articles with J9U identifiers Articles with LCCN identifiers This page was last edited on 18 December 2023, at 16:05 (UTC) . Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 4.0 ; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy . Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Code of Conduct Developers Statistics Cookie statement Mobile view Toggle limited content width